生育的禁忌 (Taboos on Giving-birth)
关于行的禁忌 (Taboos on Traveling)
Here's a list of the 80 characters (2 sets) for the Taoist Names of different Generations/ Lineage for Taoism HUN YUAN Sect.
Set No 1
Hun, Yuan, Qian, Kun, Zu
San, Jiao, Zhu, Jing, Shi
Jin, Mu, Shui, Huo, Tu
Hun, He, Ben, Kong, Dong
Chao, Xie, Shang, Yu, Jing
Xu, Wu, Sheng, Yi, Qi
Liang, Jiu, Gui, Tai, Qing
Set No 2
Yi, Yong, Tong, Xuan, Zong
Dao, Gao, Ben, Chang, Qing
De, Xiang, Gong, Jing, Tai
Yi, Jiu, Fu, Yuan, Ming
Hun, Yuan, San, Jiao, Zhu
Tian, Di, Jun, Qin, Shi
Ri, Yue, Xing, Dou, Zhen
Jin, Mu, Shui, Huo, Tu
Traditional “Min Nan” (Hokkien) Customs (Taboos)
When there’re guests around, never sweep the floor, this shows that you are trying to chase the guests off.
During dinners (for all Happy Occasions), when someone break any items, this is considered as not prosperity.
While having meals (with other people around), never stick (up-right) the chopsticks into the rice-bowl, this considered as disrespect to other people.
While serving guests, never prepared 6 dishes (only), cos according to Qing Dynasty Records, 6 dishes are mend for Prisoners who had been sentenced to death (different from the Teochew Customs, for Teochew, never used 3 dishes).
In-front of new-born babies, never used the word “Monkey” in any of the conversation, cos the folks believed that, by saying this word, it will bring “illnesses” to the babies.
Never make praises like “Very Good Looking”or “So easy to take-care-off” in-front of any new-born babies.
Customs for making “Stove”
Before the folks can start to work on constructing the “Stove”, an auspicious date (according to Lunar Calendar) must be chosen.
On that day, usually at around , the Masters for constructing the “Stove” will have to open a hole on the roof-top directly above the “Stove” area, then only the construction allowed to be commenced.
This is to allow the “Stove” to face the Heaven, known as “Jian Tian Zhao (hkk: Ghee Thian Zao)”
The construction will start from making the base of the “Stove” first and then the whole “Stove”.
While constructing the chimney for the “Stove”, a few stuffs needed to take note:
1. open a small square slot on the chimney wall
2. inside the slot, 5 types of grains must be put into that
3. light a lamp near the chimney
4. inside the slot, placed a small saucer and in the saucer, it must be filled with cooking oil, lamp-bud and 2 ancient coins (1 facing up and 1 facing down)
5. after everything is ready, seal the small slot up
Only after sealing the slot, then the Masters can continue to construct the other parts of the chimney.
After the constructing of the whole “Stove” is completed, on that night, the owner of the house will have to cook a pot of rice on the new stove.
In Chinese, it’s called “Chui Zhao Fan (hkk: Cui Zao Pheng)”.
After the rice is cooked, the owner will have to prepare the other offerings, together with the rice, pay respect to the Kitchen Deity.
After the paying of respect, the owner will have to give the Construction Masters a treat.
潮州民间禁忌 (Teochew Traditional Customs)
For Teochew old grannies, they are not allowed to wear fully-black color clothing.
As for those who are not mourning for someone, they are not supposed to put any white-flower or black-flower hair-pins on their head.
Ladies’ pants are not allowed to be hung on/along pathways that are frequently-used by people.
While having meals, children are not allowed to use plates for their rice, the Teochews believed that by doing so, the stomachs of these children will turn shallow and when they grow-up, they will become very petty and stingy people.
During meals, children are not supposed to leave the table or dining-area, if not, these children will not be able to concentrate during their studies.
On the dining table, for every meal, the number of dishes prepared must in even number, for the Teochew Customs, 3 dishes (odd) are only mend for Prisoners.
During Wedding Dinner, guests are not allowed to eat the “Four Treasures” – which are, Chicken Head, a pair of Chicken Wings and the Chicken “Buttock”.
For Teochew Customs, when Owner of the house served you with Chinese Tea (Kung-fu Tea), you will have to drink it, if not, this will show dis-respect to the owner.
Trees infront, at the back of houses or villages, are all consider as Deities. No one is to make any comments about the trees, reprimands them, urine on them or hurt them using any objects.
No one is to pick any fruits dropped from the trees, bring back any fishes that “jumped-up” from ponds or catch any ant-eaters that crawl-out from holes. Needless to say, never give them to anyone as gifts.
During Festivals, no-one is to break any items, if this will to happen, the Teochews believed that all the Good-things will be broken and difficult to “put them back” (all good luck will be affected).
During the 1st Lunar Month, couples are not allowed to marry, one month before and after the 7th Lunar Month – people are not allowed to go-out during night, Offerings for Mid-Autumn shall be all vegetarian stuffs and married-off daughters are not allowed to go-back to their parents’ place for Dong-Zhi Festival (Winter).
For giving tokens to Wedding or Happy Occasions, the amount must in Even.
Whereas for Funerals, the amount must be in Odd.
While visiting a patient, the visiting time shall be in the morning (before 12noon), cos the Teochews believed that after 12noon, such timings are mend for Funeral.
For daily/normal conversations, try to avoid using sentences like: “7days”, “100days” or anything associate with Funeral.
Anyone will to pass-on outside his/her home, the corpse is not allowed to be carried into the house.
While doing informing on someone’s passing-on, the person who went to do the informing can only stand outside the house or main gate.
Pregnant ladies are not allowed to carry other people’s children.
Younger generations are not allowed to directly say-out any Older generations’ names or titles.
While writing letters or any other documents, try to avoid Red-color ink, cos Red-ink can only be used in Divorce-letter or letter-of-Condolence.
While preparing Offerings for Ancestors, never used meats that are without any skins or fishes without any scales, this shows dis-respect to the Ancestors.
Name: Feng Zi (Announcement Block, in Hokkien: Hong Ji)
Usage: Used for the controlling of Deities and Spirits. Can be used to appoint tasks to Deities or Spirits. Once this Annoucement Block is in one person's hand, he is authorised with the Celestial Power of summoning Deities and Spirits to work for him/her.
Name: Zhao Wan Ling (Summoning of ALL Beings)
Usage: Used to summon all forms of Beings (Heavenly, Hell, etc). Used during the Rituals of Savaging the death and so.
Usually come together with the "Five Thunder Summon".
Name: Tian Peng Chi
Usage: Own by Heavenly General Tian Peng. Used to gauge on a person's good or bad.